For the past 7-8 years, ever since I gained political consciousness, the most widespread protests in Romania have been on environmental/ecological themes. Although in the beginning of 2012 there have been some protests against the president, Traian Băsescu, the events were arguably manipulated by the press. That is not to say that people who came to the streets were not motivated by genuine discontent with the head of the state, but there were quite a few television anchors who called for people to come out to the streets and voice their grievances against the ‘dictatorship’ of Traian Băsescu.
In contrast, environmentally-themed protests have had bigger amplitude in the number of people who came out to the streets and their duration.
The most important word and notion deriving from Balkan is “balkanization”. By the end of the nineteenth century, Balkans began to be increasingly used with a political connotation, rather than in a purely geographical sense, to designate the states that had emerged out of the Ottoman Empire: Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, Romania, and Bulgaria. There was hardly a trace of disparagement at that time. It is symptomatic that the word “balkanization”, which is most often used to denote the process of nationalist fragmentation of former geographic and political units into new and problematically viable smaller states, was not created in the course of the 100 years when the Balkan nations gradually seceded from the Ottoman Empire. When the term was coined, at the end of WWI, only one Balkan nation, Albania, was added to the already existing Balkan map; all the others had been nineteenth-century formations. The great proliferation of small states as a result of the Great War was triggered by the disintegration of the Habsburg and Romanov Empires and the emergence of Poland, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania. To this post-WWI legacy should be added Yugoslavia, whose creation was, technically speaking, the reverse of balkanization.
… the power of nonviolence is to construct a situation of creative tension in an unjust status quo so that the injustice may be corrected.